Nano & Bio structures
Physics of soft matter investigates the structure, dynamics, and phenomenology of complex systems such as (bio) polymers, colloids, cells, porous materials, liquid crystals, etc. Sensitive balance of internal interactions and thermal effects leads to these systems to clutter on molecular, homogeneity on macroscopic and a partial order on mesoscopic scale, including dynamics of phenomena ranging from ultra-fast (<1 ps) to extremely slow (> 1 s).
On the other hand, research of a living matter (cells), as a complex system, is the greatest technological challenge of the 21st century. From the perspective of physicists, DNA and proteins are nano-machines that work in the highly packed environment in the interior of the cell. For the technological applications, it is necessary to separate the parts of the cell and limit them to a device – and thus to form a hybrid system. Currently, hybrid concepts for DNA sequencing and sequencing based on DNA matrices (2D limitation) and nanopores – DNA translocation through nanometer pores (1D limitation) are very promising.